Today on Light Future Art, we’re going to be sharing some fun facts about moles, who may be seen as many as pests but who are actually beneficial to the habitats they live in and wonderfully interesting.
1. Moles live on every continent except for Antarctica and South America. They don’t hibernate and can be spotted year-round. Then the ground freezes in winter, they dig below the frost to find softer soil.
2. Moles need a great sense of smell in order to find their way underground. In fact, not only are they capable of smelling what something is but they can also determine where it is, just by smell alone.
3. Many people think that moles are dangerous for their gardens and for other plants in general but the opposite is actually true. Their digging aerates the soil and this benefits plant growth above. By aerating the soil, too, water can drain through the ground easier, which leads to fewer large puddles and standing water.
4. Moles exert a lot of energy tunneling all day and so they need to eat a lot of food: that is, worms, insects, and grubs. They sometimes eat 100% of their body weight in a single day.
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5. Moles can paralyze worms to store for later. They keep their food storage in a larder and dig into it (pun intended) in times of scarcity, such as winter.
6. A group of moles is called a labor. A male mole is called a boar and a female is called a sow.
7. When digging, moles are capable of reaching speeds of almost 20 feet per hour. Moles are most active just after rain when the ground is soft and easy to dig through. They move the slowest in the cold, when the ground is hard, or in extreme heat.
8. A mole litter usually is comprised of three to six young moles who are furless and blind at birth. They totally rely on their mother until they are about two or three months old. They are then ready to begin an independent life, although they aren’t totally grown up until closer to a year in age.
9. A family of moles may live in the same set of tunnels for generations before moving on. They are mostly solitary and like to keep about 2 acres of ground to themselves. Finding more than one mole in an acre of land is unusual.
10. Moles have a limited supply of oxygen underground, so they have a higher tolerance to carbon dioxide than humans. It’s actually possible for moles to reuse the air which they’ve already breathed by keeping it in their lungs.
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