Today at Light Future Art, we’re going to take a look at some fun facts about poison dart frogs, who are famous for their colorful skin that tells predators and humans alike to stay away, they’re deadly!
1. Some species of poison dart frogs are labeled as “least concern” with the IUCN, though some are more endangered. Poison dart frogs face dangers from habitat loss and, while some species are scarce in the wild, many live in captivity.
2. Poison dart frogs are toxic because of their diet. The most common things for them to eat are ants and centipedes. Captive poison dart frogs have much lower levels of toxicity because their diets are controlled and not natural.
3. Although poison dart frogs are native to the rainforests of Central and South America, in countries like Costa Rica, Venezuela, and Brazil, they have also been introduced to Hawaii.
4. Poison dart frogs don’t lay their eggs in the water; they lay them in leaves and on plants. After the tadpoles hatch, the mother frog carries them one by one to the water on her back.
5. While waiting for their eggs to hatch, both the mother and the father take turns guarding them. Depending on the species, it only takes two to three weeks for the eggs to hatch.
6. There are 170 species categorized as poison dart frogs, but only four have ever been documented as being used to poison the tips of darts. Some species of poison dart frogs are completely non-poisonous.
7. There are no known cases of a human dying from the toxins of a poison dart frog but scientists speculate that, with the most poisonous frog, the human would die within minutes.
8. While the toxins of poison dart frogs are poisonous, some of them also have medicinal value. The toxins of one frog have a use as a painkiller that is about 200 times more powerful than morphine.
9. In the wild, a poison dart frog lives about 3 years, but in captivity, their lifespan expands to roughly 10 years. One species of frog has been known to live up to 25 years.
10. Most poison dart frogs are very small, measuring just an inch or less. The largest poison dart frogs are a little over two inches long.
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